in 1974, the City of Leeds is a metropolitan borough
with city status.
south and west the area is mostly urban and suburban but to
the north and east it includes much countryside and many smaller
towns and villages
derives its name from 'Loidis' the name of a Celtic kingdom
that survived here for a while after the Anglo-Saxon invasion.
Middle Ages Leeds was a small agricultural centre but by Tudor
times it become an important manufacturer of woollen cloth
and one of the largest towns in Yorkshire.
traded with Europe via the Humber Estuary and at one time
nearly half of England's total exports passed through Leeds.
textile manufacturing boomed during the Industrial Revolution
Leeds became one of the world's most important industrial
end of the 19th century the textile trade began to decline
and other industries, including engineering, tailoring, shoe-making
and brewing, became more important. Burton's, the tailoring
and clothing company, was established in the city and Marks
and Spencers was founded as Michael Mark's Penny Bazaar in
20th century these industries also declined and instead service
industries, such as banking, insurance, law and accountancy,
grew rapidly. By the end of the 20th century tourism had
becone a major employer.
visitor there are many museums and attractions exploring the
city's industrial past including the Abbey House Museum, which takes visitors back to Victorian Leeds,
and the Armley Mill Industrial Museum, which investigates the textile,
clothing and engineering industries.
Thwaite Mill, has a fully operational watermill with lots of information
about the changing history of the mill.
attractions include the Royal Armouries Museum, opened in 1996, and the Thackray Medical Museum, opened in 1997.
other cultural attractions include the West Yorkshire Playhouse
and the Grand Theatre.
are also many galleries such as the Henry Moore Institute, Leeds City Art Gallery, Liston Studios
and University Gallery. Historic houses include the fine Tudor/Jacobean Temple Newsam House and Lotherton Hall, a charming Edwardian house.
Kirkstall Abbey, one of the finest monastic sites in the country, lies 3 miles west of Leeds, and is well worth a visit.
of the city centre was pedestrianised in the early 1970s and
today Leeds boasts a wide range of shops, arcades and shopping
parks and green belt countryside make Leeds one of England's
enthusiasts can watch Leeds United FC play at Elland Road
and the Leeds Rhinos Rugby League Club at the Headingley Stadium.
Headingley is also the location of Yorkshire County Cricket
Club's famous ground.